A sore throat is characterized by a stinging, itchy, and uneasy sensation in the throat that can make swallowing challenging. There are numerous prescription drugs and natural treatments for sore throats.
A painful throat is a typical sign of illnesses like the flu or the common cold. A 2021 study found that the sixth most frequent cause for people to visit their primary care doctor in Germany is a sore throat.
The following are some potential reasons of a sore throat:
- viral or bacterial infections
- diseases like Kawasaki illness but are not contagious
- irritation from cigarette smoke or inhaling chemicals
A painful throat frequently gets better in a few days. However, it is advised to see a doctor if the pain is severe or lasts for more than 5–10 days.
There are various drugs available to treat different sore throat conditions. Usually, these drugs either treat the infection causing the discomfort or lessen the symptoms of a sore throat.
We’ll talk about many drugs in this article that could ease sore throats.
Drugs That Reduce Pain
There are several ways to relieve pain. OTC pain relievers are frequently successful as a first line of defense against sore throats. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen are two examples of over-the-counter pain relievers.
Some medications may be referred to as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) by doctors (NSAIDs). Steroids are also present in other anti-inflammatory medications, such as corticosteroids.
For a variety of illnesses, including a sore throat, corticosteroids and NSAIDs can both provide pain relief and reduce inflammation.
NSAIDs are frequently sold over-the-counter and help relieve painful throat symptoms. They are frequently obtainable in a variety of formats, including tablets or as an active component in other goods. The following list includes typical NSAIDs:
While NSAIDs can lessen sore throat symptoms, they can potentially have negative side effects. These may consist of:
- digestive issues including indigestion, nausea, or diarrhea
- blood pressure is high.
Additionally, using NSAIDs while drinking alcohol is not recommended. This may aggravate the stomach even more and have negative repercussions.
A person may want to speak with their doctor before taking NSAIDs for a sore throat because they may interact with other medications.
By lowering discomfort and inflammation, corticosteroids are another sort of medication that might help treat sore throats. Prednisone, betamethasone, and dexamethasone are examples of corticosteroid types.
Clinical recommendations for corticosteroids are limited, despite the fact that evidence suggests they can help treat sore throats. According to research, taking corticosteroids for a brief period of time in low to moderate doses is the best strategy for treating a sore throat.
Throat sprays are a type of throat pain reliever that can be applied directly to the throat for immediate relief, frequently by numbing the area.
According to 2016 research, throat sprays significantly outperform lozenges in treating sore throats. In this study, however, researchers employed various agents. Therefore, consumers may wish to think about the active components and the product they feel most comfortable utilizing.
For people who have a sore throat, lozenges offer a secure alternative to pain relief. Lozenges may have anesthetic and antibacterial properties due to the wide variety of chemicals they can include.
Typically, lozenges resemble hard candies that one dissolves with saliva. An individual releases the active components by sucking on a lozenge, which helps to lubricate and soothe the throat.
An antitussive, such as a cough syrup, may help someone who has a painful throat as a result of coughing. This beverage has the ability to clear the throat and prevent coughing. Other active components that can help soothe a sore throat may also be included in cough syrups.
A sore throat can frequently be brought on by infections. If a doctor determines that a bacterial infection is the root of the sore throat, they will provide antibiotics. For instance, strep throat, also known as streptococcal pharyngitis, is frequently to blame for painful throats.
Penicillin or amoxicillin are often the best medications to take for strep throat. Most of the time, after beginning an antibiotic treatment, a patient will find that their symptoms disappear within 1-3 days.
Before taking antibiotics, a person should, however, have a proper diagnosis from a doctor. Although these drugs are quite effective, if they are taken incorrectly, they can have negative side effects and can lead to bacterial resistance. Future infections will be more challenging to treat as a result.
A Home Remedy
People may benefit from various home remedies in addition to medical treatments for sore throats. This could, for instance, include:
- Gargling with honey and salt water
- Adding lemon juice to warm liquids
- Adding honey to warm beverages
- Sipping herbal teas like peppermint, chamomile, or green tea
- Gargling hot sauce and water
A sore throat is a typical symptom that can be uncomfortable. To relieve and soothe symptoms, a variety of OTC and prescription drugs are available.
These drugs typically reduce discomfort and inflammation, which makes it simpler for a person to speak and swallow. Antibiotics are needed in other circumstances, such as a bacterial infection, in order to address the sore throat’s underlying cause.
Home remedies can be used in addition to prescription drugs to treat a sore throat.